Skin cancer can be scary, and it’s only getting worse as the population continues to grow. The good news is that there are a variety of ways you can prevent skin cancer if you know what symptoms to look for.
If you understand the causes of skin cancer, then it will be easier to spot any changes in your own body that may signal developing ailments when you do a skin cancer check. If detected early it can be easily treated by efficient clinics like sundoctors etc.
Symptoms Of Skin Cancer
Skin Cancer signs and symptoms are:
- An irregular, asymmetrical or changing mole
- A growth on the skin that is red, scaly, swollen and/or painful
- Changes to any existing moles: size (lengthening), shape (rounding out) changes in color (darkening)
- A large brownish spot with darker speckles.
- A sore that does not heal, or a wound on the skin that doesn’t form a scab within four weeks of being scratched. The spot may be red, swollen and/or tender to touch.
- A change in the shape or size of any new spot (lengthening)
- Bleeding or crusting under any old spot.
- An open sore, wound or a rash with pus on it that doesn’t heal after two weeks of treatment
- A change in skin color (redness) on any part of the body, not just sun-exposed areas.
Causes Of Skin Cancer
The main causes of skin cancer are:
- Exposure to the sun
- The presence of a gene that increases one’s risk for skin cancer. It is more common in those with fair skin, light or red hair and freckles.
- “Xeroderma pigmentosa” – a condition that causes an increased sensitivity to the sun and a tendency to get skin cancer.
- Exposure to toxic chemicals, like arsenic or benzene.
- Chemical exposure
- Ultraviolet radiation from the sun, tanning beds and other sources can damage your DNA. As a result of this chemical change in the skin cells (melanocytes), they may become cancerous. This is called “photo aging.” Photo aging occurs more often with people who have had many UV exposures or who have naturally dry skin.
- The risk of developing a basal cell carcinoma is highest among individuals with light eye color, blond or red hair and fair skin that burns easily in the sun.
- Avoid sun during the middle of the day, and use sunscreen that has a high SPF of 30 or more.
- Avoid tanning beds
- Use sunblock with at least an SPF rating of 15 on all exposed skin, especially in the head/neck area and around joints where there is less protection from clothing
- Shade your body as much as possible by seeking shade during the sun’s peak hours (typically from 11 a.m. to
- Sun avoidance measures should be taken year round, but are especially important between the months of May and October
- Wear long sleeves or pants that cover your arms and legs if you will be outside for an extended period of time without shade or sunscreen
- Wear a hat with at least an inch of brim to shade the neck and face
- Wear wraparound sunglasses that shield your eyes and forehead
- Buy clothes with UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) that protect your skin from both UVA and UVB radiation.
- Wear long sleeves or pants to cover up as much skin as possible on warm days.