Moroccan rug is not just beautiful pieces of art but are a unique work of art. They are hand-woven carpets, rugs, and textiles which are traditionally hand-woven by the native inhabitants of Morocco. Historically, Moroccan hand-woven rugs were woven for utility rather than for aesthetic purposes.
Modern Moroccan rugs are considered works of art because of their intricate detailing and bright colors. They are made with one or two threads, which are twisted together to form a thick pile. The colors and patterns used on these rugs are rich and vibrant, resulting in rugs that look fantastic when contrasted with furniture, tapestries, and artwork.
Trending Types Of Moroccan Rugs
There are many different types of Moroccan rugs available. They include: Tabari, Berber, and Khawyati. Tabari is a type of geometric pattern and comes in two distinct forms. One is the flat-weave version, and the other is a woven basket-weave. Tabari weaving techniques are commonly used in Morocco and are commonly employed to make many different types of geometric patterns, including; Na’ama berber, Talaa walid, Mokhara safari, Khawa Shehnaz, and Isfahan.
Berber is an ideal weaving technique used in Moroccan rugs. It involves twisting, braiding, interweaving, and looping fibers of different weights, to create a uniform look. There are two basic types of Moroccan Berber patterns. They are: Na’ama or Tabari, which consist of narrow woven strips of colors, and are mostly white; and Khawa Shehnaz or Khawa Berber which are wider and more intricate, with decorative motifs woven onto them.
The motifs may include: snakes, birds, camels, scorpions, zebras, elephants, goats, sheep, and deer. The style of each motif varies slightly, depending on the location of the tribe involved and the availability of resources.
Khawa Orcha is a close relative of the Tabari style, but not related to the Khawa Berber. Khawa weaves are characterized by their vivid, bold, and detailed motifs. Most Moroccan rugs from this region are made from wool or cotton fibers. These fibers are weaved closely, using open weave processes. The weavings are quite colorful, with over 60% of the material being wool.
These Moroccan rugs, if properly maintained, can continue to be a source of income for generations. These types of rugs differ in their woven patterns and motifs. They have varying colors and patterns in their weaves, depending on the place of origin and the availability of resources.
These rugs are categorized as Berber rugs, which are woven of grasses and plants; or as Arab-Leban rugs, which are characterized by their intricate floral motifs. In addition to the differences in their patterns and colors, these rugs also vary in terms of their weaves: they can be either straight (known as safari) or curved. This distinction is essential in determining which of the two styles was more prevalent in the Moroccan economy.
The flat woven, or bound rugs, were typically woven on larger areas. Their wefts would be longer, resulting in a higher number of knots per inch. Unlike the Khawa Orcha and Tabari, the flat woven Moroccan rugs had no decorative motifs, except for floral patterns. They were most commonly used as wall coverings or as decorative accessories.
Tribal Style Rugs
The tribal style Moroccan rugs were traditionally made by women who belong to the lower class of Moroccan society. Women from this group had been slaves during the rule of the Mughal Empire. Tribal weavers gained their knowledge from their female counterparts and took their skills and techniques from these previous generations of slavery.
This gave these tribal Moroccan rugs a distinctive look that’s still very recognizable even today. Many people confuse these with the braided or paneled variety, but they actually are not the same. The lower class of Moroccan rugs were called Berber rugs. They were often colorful and detailed, with bold patterns and colors.
They could also be crafted from expensive fabrics, like those used in making shawls, or other similar items. Often, these pieces were also used as seating covers. Interestingly enough, a great number of seating covers have been discovered bearing traces of the braided or paneled Moroccan rugs.